Eye Cataracts | Oklahoma’s best
Kyle Tate insight I care podcast number 9 Cataracs part 1. Welcome to eyecare insights with Dr. Kayal take your Jenks eye doctor. Today we’re in a new series about cataracts. Cataracts usually affect people older than 50 years old. So if you feel like your vision slowly changing or your new glasses do not help as well as they should you’re getting glare at night. Any of these symptoms you may have cataracts. You should be looking for a Jynx eye doctor. Reach out to us inside Eyecare. We can help you out with that. We treat patients of all ages we do exams on babies we do exams on adults we do exams with seniors of everybody of all ages. We take care of them. We offer everything from basic eye exams contact lens fits of all complexities eye injuries we treat things like pink eye dry eye macular degeneration glaucoma many many others inside here we’re located one mile off of the turnpike that highway 75 in 177 near a glimpse of Wal-Mart inside our clinic. Eye Cataracts
We have a very large eyeglasses boutique with a lab that can meet all your eye care in eyewear needs. Our team inside care. We want to be or Jenks eye doctor we want you to think of us for any problems you have in any where needs you have. So today we’re talking about cataracts cataracts are unique and it’s kind of an interesting subject because it affects everybody if you live long enough by that most of the time people with cataracts they think are their parents or grandparents. But we see it in all ages and different types. What is a cataract cataract is a clouding of the lens inside the I’m all right behind the color Iris has a what should be clear lens. Eye Cataracts. And when you look at something at close like your cell phone or a book there’s a muscle in the eye that contracts that releases tension on the wind which changes the focus. Now that wins the day you’re born is soft and as changeable as it ever is. So that gives you the most reading focus ever less slowly changes over time and that reading focus goes away and that’s about half way of the process becoming a cataract. So when that happens it’s usually still a ice. Clearly is what it cataract is is when the lens of the eye gets cloudy and that can happen a lot of different ways. And in the next podcast we’re going to talk about the different types are the top five most common types of cataracts. And so you get cataracts. Everybody does. Usually it’s an elder.
Sixty five is the average age for cataracts but we see that in younger patients. My mother she had her cataracts removed at age 54 possibly from a laser that she had an encounter with. People can get them a little more common with different types of disease. Most commonly has diabetes cataracts become very common also with different types of medications that can cause it. You know steroids are a big wants of someone with an auto immune disease who could be on steroids like being diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. That can be something that cause stair roid induced cataracts. So what does a cataract exactly do to vision this is the the longer discussion today because cataracts can do different things. But overall they may not see as well. So kind of the top things we hear from patients that we’ll dive into is hey Doc I’ve got these new glasses and I don’t feel like I see as good as I should or hey doc what I’m driving at night. I’m getting more glare. I don’t feel comfortable driving by. Eye Cataracts. So let’s dive in some of the different things. First off the type of cataract that causes just blurry vision patients may come in noticing their vision is not as good. They can’t see the details like the leaves on the tree they can’t see the words on the page anymore. And if we don’t do a really good eye exam they can miss that they have a cataract sometimes with my patients. We’ll talk about cataracts and they may be borderline or I’m not sure how much it’s going to affect vision so we’ll have a conversation such as.
We’ve seen some cataracts today. I think your vision will improve with new glasses. Eye Cataracts
But if it doesn’t improve enough let me know because we’ll need to get the cataracts fixed. In general we try and avoid prescribing new glasses with cataracts versus going getting the cataracts fixed because that can waste people’s money. But sometimes that’s the only way for us to know if the Cataracs truly affecting vision or if they just need to glasses change. It is very common when you get cataracts that your glasses prescription will change more rapidly. So that can be another thing people come to us saying Hey Doc you know or last night our daughter off center vision started changed or I had to get new glasses every six months. I don’t feel like it’s as good as I’ve got. I want to know what’s going on. They will find that they have cataracts. The other main type is a glare and cataracts can cause a different type of defocus that is more bothersome at night when the pupil is larger so in the colon part of the I remember the black centers the pupil which is an opening that the imagery your vision goes through. When you’re doing something at night such as driving is dark there’s not enough light to make that pupils small so it gets bigger. We call that dilation and that allows more blur and more of the cataract to affect vision. And so patients will come and say I don’t feel safe driving at night and that in itself can be a reason for cataract surgery because you know in the winter time it’s not daylight after about five 15. So people need to be able to safely drive.
One of the things I will commonly ask them is if a car is coming at you do you feel like you’re gripping the wheel tight because you don’t feel safe or do you start getting nervous because you can’t see the lines on the road. That’s a really good question to ask and to think about and how much that cataract surgery could be necessary. Eye Cataracts
It so let’s talk about surgery so how do we fix cataracts. The Lynds getting cloudy inside the eye. We have to go in and take it out. There are laser options for cataract surgery which we will talk about in the future. But right now there still is a step where the surgeon has to go in and actually remove that lens. And it sounds like a horrible thing and it was years ago so cataract surgery before current technologies let’s say in the 1970s before surgeons would have to make a really big cut on the eye which would have the eye itself open up and there may or may not have been bleeding involved. And they had to take that lens out of that lens is about a centimeter in it’s onion shaped. And so that was a big incision taking on out. Well now we have incisions that seal themselves so there’s no stitches involved. Now we have tools called Faygo moles or a laser to break that lends out them to small particles and it can be removed now. So let’s just talk about first when I tell patients about cataract surgery then we could detail that out a little. Cataract surgery is all outpatient. There’s no shots to the eyes there’s no stitches no bleeding at all. It takes about five to 10 minutes depending on the surgeon and how advanced the cataract is. Eye Cataracts
And immediately now you see better afterwards.
Now during surgery patients are mildly awake so they’re not completely knocked out. They’re breathing on their own. They may or may not remember it being a body reacts to anesthesia. And there’s usually no pain involved but they’ll hear people talking.
They’ll know that happened. Eye Cataracts
What actually happens is a surgeon makes an incision about three millimeters in size to make one or two incisions depending on the surgeon’s preference and the surgeon will go in with a machine called a fake MoJ and they will break that cataract up into many little pieces. And then as the machine puts fluid in the eye will suck those pieces out and then the surgeon will rinse everything in there really well. And then the surgeon will put a new window back in its place. So when we take the lens out we must put a Ohlins back in or else we will cause a extreme amount of farsightedness and the patient will have to have really thick coke bottle glasses so if you’ve ever seen someone where you look in their glasses make their eyes look huge that’s possibly from extreme farsightedness or they don’t have lens inside their. And so the fix is really a fairly easy thing. We do one eye at a time usually two weeks apart although there are some recent studies looking at doing both eyes because it is a very safe procedure. Eye Cataracts
The most dangerous thing we get from it is chance of infection and we’ll talk about that a little more later. So it’s cataract surgery is definitely not something to be scared about. The neat thing is we choose the strength of lands to put back in the eye or we’re going to talk more about that technology in the future episodes. And so is your eye doctor I want you to remember if you are experiencing these symptoms. Reach out to us inside I care the local Jenks eye doctor. Remember our mission is to improve every life every encounter we want everyone that comes in sees us to see the best they can. We want them to see the leaves in the trees the smile on their families faces their TV shows their phone without any strain of stress and cataracts cause that strain and stress so as your Jenks eye doctor we want you to enjoy life as best you can come see us inside here. We have an amazing welcoming staff a state of the art facility advanced exam equipment our I-frame gallery has thousands of options. We have thousands of contacts in stock to meet the needs as a patient. Is your Jenks eye doctor. We treat all types of diseases. Simple things like near-side and farsightedness stigmatism as well as eye disease such as cataract school coalman dry eyes macular degeneration. We want you to bring us your Boeri vision. Here cataract so we can help you. God bless everybody. Have a great day.